1 130 110 122 ——//——What was the matter with
the master-at-arms? And, be the
matter what it might, how could
it have direct relation to Billy Budd
with whom prior to the affair of the
spilled soup he the master-at-arms
had never come into any special
contact official or otherwise? Yes,
what What ^ indeed could the trouble have to do
with inoffensive one so little inclined to give offence as the merchant-ship's peacemaker ,
even him too who in Claggart's own phrase
was "the sweet and pleasant young
131 111 123 fellow? Yes, why should Jemmy Legs ,
to borrow the Dansker's expression, be
down on the good-natured Handsome
But, at heart and not for nothing, as
the late chance encounter may indicate to the discern discerning , ^
down on him, secretly down on him , he
assuredly was.
Now to invent something
in ^ as to touching the more private career of Claggart,
something involving ^ Billy Budd, involving the
youthful sailor, Billy Budd foretopman some romantic
incident of which something he the ^ latter himself
should be wholly ignorant, some
romantic incident implying
112 132 124 least that Claggart's knowledge of the
young sailo blue-jacket began at some
period prior anterior to catching sight of him
on board the seventy-four— all this ,
would not so difficult to do, might
avail in ^ a way more or less an interesting way to
account for whatever of enigma
may appear to lurk in the case.

But in fact there was nothing of the
sort. And yet the cause, one very
probable however unprovable, necessarily
to be assumed as the sole one
assignable, is ^ ever in its ^ very realism as
much charged with that romantic
133 113 125 prime element of Radclifian romance,
^ the mysterious , as any that the ingenuity of the
author of the Mysteries of udolpho Udolpho
could devise . ; since For what can more
partake of the mysterious than an
antipathy spontanious and profound
such as is evoked in certain exceptional
mortals by the mere aspect of their
contrary in some other mortal, however
harmless he may be? if not called forth by
this very harmlessness itself.

Now there can be exist no
irritating juxtaposition of dissimilar
personalities comparable to that
which is possible ^ abord a p great war-ship fully
manned and at sea.
134 114 126 There, every day ^ among all ranks almost every man
comes into more or less of contact with
almost every other man. Wholly there
to avoid ^ even the sight of an aggravating
object one must needs give it Jonah's
toss or jump overboard himself.
Imagine how all this abnormal abnormally recurring proximity
and attrition or rubbing against his contrary ^ / might eventually operate
on some peculiar human creature the
direct reverse of a saint?
But for the ^ adequate comprehending
of Claggart ^ by a normal nature these hints are insufficient.
To pass from ^ a normal nature Budd ^ to him one must
cross "the deadly space between." And
this is best done by indirection.
135 115 127 Long ago an honest scholar
my senior, said to me in reference
to a ^ man one one now who like himself is
now m no more, ^ a man so unimpeachably
respectable that against him nothing was ever
openly said tho' among the few ^ something much was
whispered, "Yes X__ is a nut not to be cracked
by the tap of a lady's fan.
" You are aware that I am
the adherent of no organized religion
much less of any philosophy built
into a systim. Well, for all that I
think that to try and get into X__, enter yet there is no getting into X__'s
his labyrinth ^ and get out again, without a clue derived from
some source other than what is is
known as knowledge of the world I
should get that is were hardly possible, at
least for me. "
136 116 128 "Why" said I, "X__
however singular a study to some, is yet
human, and knowledge of the world
assuredly implies the knowledge of
human nature, and in most of its
"Yes, but a superficial
knowledge of it, serving ordinary purposes.
But for anything deeper, I am not
certain whether to know the world
and to know human nature be not
two distinct branches of knowledge,
which while they may coexist in the
same heart, yet either may be exist with
little or nothing of the other. Nay, in
an average man of the world, his
constant rubbing with it blunts
137 117 129 that finer spiritual insight indispensable
to the essential understanding
of the essential in certain exceptional characters,
whether evel ones or good. ^ In a matter of some importance I have
seen a girl wind an old lawyer
about her little finger. Nor was it the
dotage of senile love. Nothing of the
sort. But he knew law better than
he knew the girl's heart. Coke and
Blackstone hardly shed so much light
into certain obscure spiritual ^ mystic human heart places as the Hebrew
prophets. And who were they? Mostly
At the time ^ my inexperience was such that I did not quite
see the force drift of all this. It may be that I see it now.
And, indeed, if that lexicon which
138 118 130 is based on Holy Writ were any longer
popular, one might with less
difficulty define and denominate
certain phenomenal men. a nature like Claggart's. As it is,
one must turn to some authority
not liable to the charge of being
tinctured with the Biblical element.
In a list of definitions
included in the authentic translation
of Plato, a list attributed to him,
occurs this: "Natural Depravity: a
depravity according to nature." A
definition which so ^ tho' savoring of
Calvinism, by no means involves
139 119 131 Calvin's dogma as to total mankind.
Evidently its intent makes it applicable
but to individuals. Not many are the
examples of this depravity which the
gallows and jail supply. At any
rate for notable instances, since these
have no vulgar alloy of the brute in
them, but invariably are dominated
by intellectuality, one must go elsewhere.
Civilization, especially if of the austerer
sort, highly favors it is auspicious to it.
It folds itself in the mantle of
respectability. It has its petty ^ certain negative virtues
serving as silent auxiliaries. It never
allows wine to get within in its guard.
140 120 132 It is not going too far to say that it is
without vices or small sins. There is a
phenominal phenomenal pride in it that scornfully
excludes them from anything . ^ Never mercenary or avaricious
and so forth. In short the depravity here
meant partakes nothing of the sordid or
sensual. It is serious, but free from acerbity.
Though no flatterer of mankind it never speaks
ill of it. mankind.
But the thing which in eminent
instances signalizes ^ so this exceptional ^ a nature
is this: Though the man's even temper
and discreet bearing would seem
to intimate a mind peculiarly
subject to the law
141 139 144 141 6 133 of reason, not the less in his heart soul's
recesses he would seem to riot in
complete exemption from that law
having apparently little to do with ^ reason it
further ^ than to employ it as an ambidexter
implement for effecting the irrational.
That is to say: Toward the accomplishment
of an aim which in wantonness of
malignity atrocity may would seem to partake of the insane, he
will ^ sometimes direct a cool judgement
sagacious and sound.
Such men are madmen,
secretive ones and of the most dangerous sort; for their
133 but not continuous ^ & persisting but occasional, and special evoked by some
special object, is not to be di in the outward
proceding ^ not to be distinguished from sanity their
sound sanity . , for whatever the aims they are
for they indeed it is yet more secretive p.42

It is serious but free from acerbity.
No flatterer of mankind it never speaks ill of it.
142 122 Charity pronounces these men
These men are ^ true madmen, and but of the most
dangerous sort, for their lunacy pervades not
is not continuous, but occasional evoked by some
special object; it is protectively ^ watchfully secretive, and as as it is ^ it is hence which is as much to say it is self-controled self-containedHS ,
so that nor when moreover, most active is it it is to the normal average
mind ^ not distinguishable from sanity, and for the
reason above stated suggested that whatever its aims
may be, and the ^ xx mad aim is be always never divulged declared— ^ this the method^ and the outward action ^ proceding are is always perfectly
Now Something such an one was Claggart
[ And of these was [pointer] To come in

in whom was ^ the mania of an evil nature,
not engendered by vicious training or
corrupting books or licentious living,
but self-subsisting ^ born with him and innate, in short
"a depravity according to nature." ]

Billy Budd MS AM 188363 143 145 123 146 red follows
Dark sayings are these, some will say.
But why? Is it because they somewhat
savor of of Holy Writ in its phrase
"mystery of iniquity"?

[[The text in the bubble below has been transposed from Leaf Image 323. To view its Diplomatic Transcription beside its corresponding leaf image, go to Leaf Image 323.]]

If they do, such savor / it was unintended, but rather
sought to be avoided sought to be / was not far enough from being intended ^
but was unavoidable. / for little will it commend
them the these pages to many a reader of to-day.

This TheHS The ^ point of this the present story
turning on the hidden of the nature of the Master at
Arms has necessitated this chapter , . And andHS now
with an and the character of it as well.

—— // ——
135 [[The bubbled text below, circled in orange crayon on the patch in MS, is transposed and is intended to come directly after "'mystery of iniquity'?" Its physical position is represented properly in the Diplomatic Transcription here, but the Reading Text appears in Leaf Image 326.]]
If they do, such savor / it was unintended, but rather
sought to be avoided sought to be / was not far enough from being intended ^
but was unavoidable. / for little will it commend
them the these pages to many a reader of to-day.

With an ^ added hint or two / in connection with
the little what incident at the mess, / the
resumed narrative must now be left
to justify to establish , ^ vindicate, as it may, its Chap
own credibility.